Produce a Birthstone Pendant and learn how to facet a stone using scrap silver in our newest job by Tori Foster
Tools and Materials required:
Beginners Tool Kit
Beginner Soldering Kit
3rd Hand Base
Square End Pusher.
Oval Belcher Chain.
For the cab pendant only:.
Steel Bench Block.
Light 5mm Jump Rings (minimum of 2 for clasp).
Emery Papers from 240 grit.
Half Round Pliers.
For the Flush set task just:.
Drill: 1mm bit with either a pendant drill or Dremel.
Bezel wire DSF 603 x 50mm.
Leather Sand Bag.
Round taxi 8-10mm (perhaps a garnet for Januarys birthstone or Amethyst for Febs birthstone).
White Cubic Zirconia 3mm.
Plain Round Triblet.
Sterling Silver Tube Ref 4 x 10mm.
For the drilled hole with jump ring through you will also require:.
Scrap Sterling Silver (clean scrap, no solder).
A bail, a dive ring or 0.8 round wire is utilized in the examples.
Digital Vernier Gauge.
3 in 1 oil.
Tidy up– ensure all signs up with are devoid of excess solder using files and emery paper. Polish as preferred– I just used a brass brush as I didnt desire anything too glossy.
Select the surface, Ive submitted the edge of the Garnet so its quite angular, the Topaz has a smoother surface and the Amethyst still has some of the hammer marks, I sanded where the bezel would go so that I would have a flat surface to ensure a good join.
Attach a bail.
How to create a Birthstone Cabochon Pendant using Scrap Silver.
Clean up and polish as wanted.
Optional– Tube Cutter.
< Solder the bezel join, make certain your sign up with is flush (it does not require to be round at this moment if that assists you get a great join) Place a tough solder pallion under the join, this helps stop the solder leaping when you use heat. Heat all around before moving into the join up until the solder streams. Pickle. Step 7. Written by Tori Foster. Swivel Pin Vice. Step 9. Using the bezel strip and half round pliers, form a circle approximately the size of the stone with an overlap. Shape this around the stone with a snug fit and mark where the metal overlaps. Cut through. Step 8. Step 1. Make certain the tube ends are directly, file if not and after that solder to the base as above, ensuring to concentrate the heat on the base. When you more than happy with the setting, use the square pusher to push the metal over the stone, operating in opposites as above and making certain the stone sits level after each push. Work around with the burnisher to smooth off and sand away any marks made from setting. Add your chain and clasp. Set your stone-- make sure the top of the bezel is level and the appropriate height, too high and it will cover up the stone and may lead to a rough surface. Utilizing the square pusher, press the bezel wall up and over without striking the stone. You can then start to work around the stone, making sure it is all smooth and there is no motion of the stone. Step 5. Develop the base, actions 1-3 as above. Shape the bezel around your mandrel and inspect the fit around the stone. If its truly loose you will have to suffice and resolder, if a little too little you may have the ability to extend it out by placing it on the mandrel and rolling it on a hard surface area. Once pleased with the shapes and size, sand so the base is flat all set for soldering to the base. Drill a hole for a dive ring to go through-- mark the place of the hole with a centre punch and hammer. Drill through with a 1mm drill bit. Twist open a jump ring, travel through and close, ensuring a good sign up with. Solder on a dive ring-- you can either solder the jump ring closed first then solder to the pendant or do both at the same time, just be cautious when doing this that you are sure the dive ring has actually joined to the pendant as well as soldering closed. If you desire the chain to pass directly through this dive ring, utilize your 3rd hand to hold the jump ring vertically and use solder to the sign up with, keep in mind to heat the pendant initially as it will take longer to heat. You could likewise solder the jump ring horizontally where you can lay both dive ring and pendant down. Set your stone-- the setting burr needs to match the size of the stone. Dab it in a little bit of 3-in-1 oil and place vertically into the tube, keep the burr as straight as possible so you cut an even seat. Twist the pin vice and start to burr out the metal in television, dont press too tough or you can jam the burr, too light and youll be there a while! You ought to start to see little bits of metal being gotten rid of, wipe these away frequently, utilize a dental brush to enter into the tube and keep that clean Stone Setting Burr 3.0 mm. Action 2. Step 8. Step 7. Beeswax Block. Solder something decorative-- for the amethyst, I hammered a piece of wire to echo the hammer marks on the sheet metal and soldered this to the back. Solder to the base, once again using difficult solder. Apply flux and a couple of little pallions of solder to the inside of the bezel, right up to the bezel wall. If your solder moves you can utilize a soldering probe to press it back into place. When youve gotten going, check the setting with the stone, if you go unfathomable, youll have lots of metal to press over and this will cover up excessive of the stone. Get the stone utilizing the corner of your beeswax and drop into the tube. The top of the tube must cover the girdle (the best point of the stone) but not the top of the stone. Action 12. Take the burnisher and burnish the edges of the bezel to smooth off as soon as you are delighted. Using a hammer, steel block and sand bag, hammer the silver ball flat. Remember to harden the metal as needed if you desire to take it really thin. Tidy up any marks from setting then pass a chain through the jump ring and add a clasp and dive ring to the ends. [pic10] Action 11. . Step 4. Connect a bail. Depending upon your preference you could:. How much you utilize will depend on the size of your stone and the end density of the pendant. Use your torch to melt the silver, it needs to all ball up together. How to Tube Set a Faceted Stone. Cut a piece of tubing, the size listed is ideal for a 3mm stone, for other stone sizes you would need the inner diameter to be a little smaller sized than the stone and the external to be slightly bigger so you have enough metal to push over when setting. The cut tube requires to be larger than the height of the stone so utilize your callipers to determine this. Location the stone flat on the edge of the callipers and close the jaws. When setting we will be burring down into the metal so enable a few additional mm for this. You might go as high as you want or have actually a number of stones set at various heights. You can utilize the callipers to make a mark on television as a cutting guide. Utilizing the tube cutter makes it much easier as it holds the tube in location and has a guide however you can manage without one.